Glycaemic index of three Indian rice varieties

Shobana, S and Kokila, A and Lakshmipriya, N and Subhashini, S and Ramya Bai, M and Mohan, V and Malleshi, N G and Anjana, R M and Henry, C J K and Sudha, V (2011) Glycaemic index of three Indian rice varieties. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition . ISSN 0963-7486

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Three commonly consumed Indian rice varieties (Sona Masuri, Ponni and Surti Kolam) were tested for their glycaemic index (GI). Healthy volunteers were recruited and after an overnight fast were given a 50 g available carbohydrate portion of glucose (reference food) or different varieties of cooked rice (test foods) on separate occasions. The fasting as well as postprandial capillary blood glucose response was determined over 2 h, and the incremental area under the curve (IAUC) was calculated. The GI was calculated as the IAUC of the test food/IAUC of the reference food (glucose) £ 100. The differences between the GI values for Sona Masuri (72.0 ^ 4.5), Ponni (70.2 ^ 3.6) and Surti Kolam (77.0 ^ 4.0) rice varieties were non-significant ( p ¼ 0.606) and are all classified as high GI varieties of rice. There is an urgent need to study the GI of other commonly consumed rice varieties and to develop rice of a lower GI value.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Glycaemic index;test food/IAUC;glucose
Subjects:Nutrition and Diabetes
Divisions:Department of Nutrition and Dietitics
Department of Diabetology
ID Code:600
Deposited On:03 Nov 2011 12:18
Last Modified:03 Nov 2011 12:18

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