Circadian Gene Variants and Susceptibility to Type 2 Diabetes: A Pilot Study

Medeiros, R and Kelly, M A and Rees, S D and Hydrie, M Z I and Shera, A S and Bellary, S and O’Hare, J P and Kumar, S and Taheri, S and Basit, Abdul and Barnett, A H (2012) Circadian Gene Variants and Susceptibility to Type 2 Diabetes: A Pilot Study. PLoS ONE, 7 (4). e32670. ISSN 1932-6203



Background: Disruption of endogenous circadian rhythms has been shown to increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, suggesting that circadian genes might play a role in determining disease susceptibility. We present the results of a pilot study investigating the association between type 2 diabetes and selected single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in/ near nine circadian genes. The variants were chosen based on their previously reported association with prostate cancer, a disease that has been suggested to have a genetic link with type 2 diabetes through a number of shared inherited risk determinants. Methodology/Principal Findings: The pilot study was performed using two genetically homogeneous Punjabi cohorts, one resident in the United Kingdom and one indigenous to Pakistan. Subjects with (N = 1732) and without (N = 1780) type 2 diabetes were genotyped for thirteen circadian variants using a competitive allele-specific polymerase chain reaction method. Associations between the SNPs and type 2 diabetes were investigated using logistic regression. The results were also combined with in silico data from other South Asian datasets (SAT2D consortium) and white European cohorts (DIAGRAM+) using meta-analysis. The rs7602358G allele near PER2 was negatively associated with type 2 diabetes in our Punjabi cohorts (combined odds ratio [OR] = 0.75 [0.66–0.86], p = 3.1861025), while the BMAL1 rs11022775T allele was associated with an increased risk of the disease (combined OR = 1.22 [1.07–1.39], p = 0.003). Neither of these associations was replicated in the SAT2D or DIAGRAM+ datasets, however. Meta-analysis of all the cohorts identified disease associations with two variants, rs2292912 in CRY2 and rs12315175 near CRY1, although statistical significance was nominal (combined OR = 1.05 [1.01–1.08], p = 0.008 and OR = 0.95 [0.91–0.99], p = 0.015 respectively). Conclusions/significance: None of the selected circadian gene variants was associated with type 2 diabetes with studywide significance after meta-analysis. The nominal association observed with the CRY2 SNP, however, complements previous findings and confirms a role for this locus in disease susceptibility.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Type 2 Diabetes; Pilot Study; Circadian Gene
Subjects:Genetics and Diabetes > Genetic Risk Factors
Diabetology > Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Divisions:Neonatal Diabetes
Department of Diabetology
ID Code:716
Deposited By:surendar radha
Deposited On:14 Oct 2013 11:44
Last Modified:14 Oct 2013 11:44

Repository Staff Only: item control page