Sandeep, S and Gokulakrishnan, K and Deepa, M and Mohan, V (2011) Insulin Resistance is Associated with Increased Cardiovascular Risk in Asian Indians with Normal Glucose Tolerance - The Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study (CURES-66). JAPI, 59 . pp. 480-4.
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the association of Insulin Resistance [IR] assessed by Homeostasis Assessment model (HOMA-IR) with cardiovascular risk factors in subjects with Normal Glucose Tolerance [NGT] in Asian Indians. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited subjects from the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study [CURES] an epidemiological study in a representative population of Chennai [formerly Madras], in South India. We included 1550 subjects with normal glucose tolerance, ie, fasting plasma glucose <100 mg/dl [5.6 mmol/L] and 2 hour post load plasma glucose <140 mg/dl [7.8 mmol/L]. IR was calculated using the homeostasis assessment model (HOMA-IR) using the formula: fasting insulin (lIU/mL) fasting glucose (mmol/L)/22.5. Metabolic syndrome [MS] was defined based on modified Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) guidelines. Results: HOMA- IR was found to be significantly associated with systolic blood pressure (β = 0.100, p<0.001), diastolic pressure (β = 0.094, p<0.001), total cholesterol (β=0.068, p=0.005), serum triglycerides (β = 0.105, p<0.001), LDL cholesterol (β=0.118, p<0.005), and HDL cholesterol (β = -0.060, p<0.001) even after adjusting age, gender and BMI. Subjects with family history of type 2 diabetes had significantly higher HOMA-IR [p= 0.011] compared to those without family history. In relation to physical activity, subjects with heavy grade activity had significantly lower HOMA-IR values compared to the light grade activity [p<0.001] Subjects with generalized obesity [p<0.001] and abdominal obesity [p<0.001] had significantly higher HOMA-IR which remained statistically significant even after adjusting for age and gender. There was a linear increase in the mean values of HOMA IR with increase in number of components of MS [p for trend <0.001] Conclusion: Among Asian Indians who are known to have high risk of premature coronary artery disease and diabetes, a significant association exists between insulin resistance with cardiovascular risk factors even among NGT subjects.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Diabetes;Normal Glucose Tolerance;Cardiovascular Risk;Asian Indians|
|Subjects:||Diabetes > CURES|
Biochemistry,Cell and Molecular Signalling
|Divisions:||Department of Epidemiology|
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology
Department of Diabetology
|Deposited By:||INVALID USER|
|Deposited On:||03 Nov 2011 12:47|
|Last Modified:||03 Nov 2011 12:47|
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