GLUT4Gene Polymorphisms and Their Association with Type 2 Diabetes in South Indians

Bodhini, D and Radha, V and Ghosh, S and Majumder, P P and Rao, M R S and Mohan, V (2011) GLUT4Gene Polymorphisms and Their Association with Type 2 Diabetes in South Indians. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 13 (9). p. 913. ISSN 1520-9156

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Background and Objectives: The GLUT4 gene, which encodes glucose transporter 4, is a candidate gene for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The aim of this study was to screen the GLUT4 gene for polymorphisms and to study association of such polymorphisms with T2DM in an Asian Indian population in southern India. Methods: The GLUT4 gene was sequenced in 25 normal glucose tolerance (NGT) and 25 T2DM subjects, and the variants found were then genotyped by polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism in a pilot study population of 552 NGT and 643 T2DM subjects, randomly selected from the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiology Study. Two of the variants (rs5435 and the novel variant), which showed significantly higher minor allele frequency in T2DM compared with NGT individuals in the pilot study population, were then retested with an additional 465 NGT and 363 T2DM subjects, giving a final sample size of 1,017 NGT and 1,006 T2DM subjects. Results: Sequencing of the GLUT4 gene revealed three known polymorphisms (rs5418, rs5421, and rs5435) and one novel T/G variant in the 3¢ untranslated region (UTR) at nucleotide position 6787483. The rs5418 and rs5421 polymorphisms did not show any association with diabetes. The rs5435 [Asn130Asn(C/T)] polymorphism was found to be associated with diabetes, with the odds ratio for the CT + TT genotype being 1.26 (95% confidence interval, 1.00–1.57; P = 0.043) when the CC genotype was taken as reference. The frequency of the TG genotype of the novel 3¢UTR T/G variant was significantly higher in diabetes subjects (1%) compared with NGT subjects (0.2%) (P = 0.021). There was a significant difference in the proportion of the ACGT haplotype of the rs5418(A/G), rs5435(C/T), rs5421(C/G), and the T/G 3¢UTR variant between the NGT (7.5%) and diabetes (5%) groups (P = 0.003). Conclusion: The rs5435 (C/T) polymorphism of the GLUT4 gene is associated with type 2 diabetes in this south Indian population.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:GLUT4Gene;Type 2 Diabetes;South Indians
Subjects:Genetics and Diabetes
Divisions:Neonatal Diabetes
Department of Diabetology
ID Code:599
Deposited On:03 Nov 2011 12:10
Last Modified:03 Nov 2011 12:10

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