Prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in an urban area of Puducherry, India: Time for preventive action

Purty, A J and Vedapriya, D R and Bazroy, J and Gupta, S K and Cherian, J and Vishwanathan, M (2009) Prevalence of diagnosed diabetes in an urban area of Puducherry, India: Time for preventive action. International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries, 29 (1). pp. 6-11. ISSN 0973-3930



Abstract BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies in India have shown that the prevalence of diabetes in the population is at least twice the number of persons diagnosed with diabetes residing in the given area. Similarly, community-based prevalence figures are unavailable in Puducherry,. AIMS: The aim of this study was to estimate the number of persons diagnosed with diabetes mellitus in Puducherry. SETTING AND DESIGN: This study was conducted in the service area of the Urban Health Centre (UHC), Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Puducherry with retrospective data from family records. METHODS: The diagnosis of diabetes was retrospectively documented by reviewing all family folders of 2667 families (Population 11,835) for the period of 1/1/2003 to 31/12/2006. The data was verified by home visits from January until March, 2007. The case definition used, was a resident diagnosed with diabetes by a medical doctor and who was on antidiabetes treatment for at least the past six months. RESULTS: We found 643 individuals who had been diagnosed with diabetes. The prevalence of known diabetes was estimated to be 5.6% (5.31% in males and 6.1% in females). The age-sex specific prevalence was estimated using the 2001 Census data. There are about 48,876 known diabetics living in Puducherry. CONCLUSIONS: (1) Community-based health surveillance data comprise a useful tool to measure the prevalence of diagnosed cases of diabetes mellitus within the Indian context; 2) Diabetes mellitus is an important public health priority requiring urgent preventive action as there are about 97,752 persons in Puducherry who have either been diagnosed with diabetes or remain undiagnosed for the disease.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Diabetes; Community-based study
Subjects:Diabetes Epidemiology
Divisions:Department of Epidemiology
Department of Diabetology
ID Code:586
Deposited On:19 Jul 2011 12:55
Last Modified:19 Jul 2011 12:55

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