A Haplotype at theUCP1Gene Locus Contributes to Genetic Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Asian Indians (CURES-72)

Vimaleswaran, K S and Radha, V and Ghosh, S and Majumder, P P and Rao, M R S and Mohan, V (2009) A Haplotype at theUCP1Gene Locus Contributes to Genetic Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Asian Indians (CURES-72). Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders, 8 (1). pp. 49-54. ISSN 1540-4196

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Background: The gene encoding for uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1) is considered to be a candidate gene for type 2 diabetes because of its role in thermogenesis and energy expenditure. The objective of the study was to examine whether genetic variations in the UCP1 gene are associated with type 2 diabetes and its related traits in Asian Indians. Methods: The study subjects, 810 type 2 diabetic subjects and 990 normal glucose tolerant (NGT) subjects, were chosen from the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiological Study (CURES), an ongoing population-based study in southern India. The polymorphisms were genotyped using the polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) was estimated from the estimates of haplotypic frequencies. Results: The three polymorphisms, namely −3826A→G, an A→C transition in the 5′-untranslated region (UTR) and Met229Leu, were not associated with type 2 diabetes. However, the frequency of the A-C-Met (−3826A→G– 5′UTR A→C–Met229Leu) haplotype was signifi cantly higher among the type 2 diabetic subjects (2.67%) compared with the NGT subjects (1.45%, P < 0.01). The odds ratio for type 2 diabetes for the individuals carrying the haplotype A-C-Met was 1.82 (95% confi dence interval, 1.29–2.78, P = 0.009). Conclusions: The haplotype, A-C-Met, in the UCP1 gene is signifi cantly associated with the increased genetic risk for developing type 2 diabetes in Asian Indians.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/met.2009.0039
Uncontrolled Keywords:uncoupling protein-1 (UCP1);the Chennai Urban Rural Epidemiological Study (CURES);(PCR-RFLP);Linkage disequilibrium (LD)
Subjects:Diabetes > CURES
Genetics and Diabetes
Biochemistry,Cell and Molecular Signalling
Divisions:Department of Epidemiology
Neonatal Diabetes
Department of Diabetology
Department of Advanced Research Biochemistry
ID Code:444
Deposited On:22 Jan 2010 09:31
Last Modified:22 Jan 2010 09:31

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