Development of carbohydrate intolerance in offspring of Asian Indian conjugal type 2 diabetic parents.

Ramachandran, A and Snehalatha, C and Mohan, V and Viswanathan, M (1990) Development of carbohydrate intolerance in offspring of Asian Indian conjugal type 2 diabetic parents. Diabetes research and clinical practice, 8 (3). pp. 269-73. ISSN 0168-8227

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Sixty-four offspring of conjugal diabetic parents (OCDP) who were normoglycaemic initially were available for a retest after a period of 4-9 years. Among them 10 (15.6%) had developed diabetes, 19 (29.7%) had developed IGT and the remaining 35 (54.7%) had maintained normal GTT. The predictive value of the baseline (initial) parameters was tested. Among the non-obese OCDP (BMI less than 25 and less than 27 for women and men, respectively), the initial sum of plasma glucose (sigma PG), and the mean increment of insulin during GTT (delta IRI), and the 2-h IRI values were higher in the group that developed abnormal glucose tolerance (P less than 0.05 compared to controls and normal OCDP). They also had higher insulin:glucose ratios, indicating higher insulin output for a given glucose concentration. On the other hand, among the obese OCDP the initial parameters did not differ between those who developed abnormal glucose tolerance and those who did not. Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that the baseline sigma plasma glucose value was significantly related to the final 2-h plasma glucose when all the OCDP were taken together (P = 0.0023) and also in the non-obese OCDP (P = 0.0002). The other parameter which showed a relation to the final 2-h plasma glucose was the baseline delta IRI, although it was not statistically significant (P = 0.08). No such relation was observed in the obese group.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:carbohydrate intolerance ;type 2 diabetic;Offspring of conjugal diabetics; Predictive parameter; Immunoreactive insulin; Diabetogenesis
Subjects:Diabetes Epidemiology
Genetics and Diabetes
Diabetology > Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Divisions:Neonatal Diabetes
Department of Diabetology
ID Code:335
Deposited On:25 Dec 2009 15:13
Last Modified:25 Dec 2009 15:13

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