Effect of essentiale in diabetic subjects with Non - Effect of essentiale in diabetic subjects with Non - Alcoholic fatty liver

Poongothai, S and Karkuzhali, K and Siva Prakash, G and Sangaatha, T and Saravanan, T and Deepa, R and Sharada, G and Mohan, V (2005) Effect of essentiale in diabetic subjects with Non - Effect of essentiale in diabetic subjects with Non - Alcoholic fatty liver. International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries, 25 (1). pp. 12-9.



Nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) has been reported to be common among subjects with diabetes. However, there are not much therapeutic options for NAFL. In this open labeled clinical trial we studied the effect of Essentiale in diabetic subjects with NAFL. Twenty-eight type 2 diabetic patients attending the out-patient division of M.V. Diabetes Specialities Centre, Chennai and satisfying the inclusion criteria were recruited for the study. High resolution B mode ultrasonography was carried out for diagnosis of NAFL. Liver function markers [Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and Gamma Glutamyl transferase (GGT)] were measured. 22 out of the 28 patients (78.5%) were available for follow up. The mean age of the study subjects was 41±8 years and 50% were males. A significant reduction in all the liver enzymes were observed after Essentiale treatment (baseline vs. six months after treatment: ALT: 54.5± 29.6 IU/L vs. 37.1±18.7 IU/L, p< 0.05, AST: 38.0±18.0 IU/L vs. 27.6±12.4 IU/L, p< 0.05, GGT: 38.7±27.5 IU/L vs. 29.6±13.8 IU/L, p< 0.05). Ultrasound studies revealed that the hepatic echotexture improved after Essentiale treatment in 12/22 (54.5%) of the study subjects, while there was no change in 9/22 (40.9%), and it worsened in only one patient (4.5%). The study results suggest that Essentiale protects and improves liver function in diabetic subjects with NAFL. Prospective, blinded clinical trials are required to confirm these findings.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://www.ijddc.com/text.asp?2005/25/1/12/26859
Uncontrolled Keywords:Non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL); Essentiale; Diabetes; Asian Indians
Subjects:Diabetes > Diabetes Awareness and Prevention
Diabetes Clinical Trials > Lipid Lowering Drugs
Diabetology > Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
Divisions:Department of Diabetology
Department of Advanced Research Biochemistry
Department of Clinical Trials
ID Code:163
Deposited On:05 Nov 2009 15:53
Last Modified:13 Sep 2011 14:04
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