Diets for South Asians with diabetes: recommendations, adherence, and outcomes

Kasturia , S and Narayan, K M V and Tandon, N and Shivashankar, R and Garg, v and Kapoor, D and Mohanasundaram, A and Mohan , D and Kadir, M M and Prabahkaran, D and Mohan, V and Jaacks, LM (2018) Diets for South Asians with diabetes: recommendations, adherence, and outcomes. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr . p. 823.



To determine how frequently diabetic diets are recommended to individuals with diabetes in South Asia, whether they are followed, and if they are associated with healthier dietary choices and clinical benefits. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Data are from the Centre for cArdiometabolic Risk Reduction in South-Asia Cohort Study. Participants with self-reported physician-diagnosed diabetes (n=1849) were divided into four groups based on whether they reported being prescribed and/or were following a diabetic diet. Linear regression was used to estimate associations between these groups and outcomes. RESULTS: 53% of participants with self-reported diabetes reported not being prescribed or following a diabetic diet. Among those prescribed and following a diet, mean whole grain consumption was 1.18 times/day and refined grain consumption was 0.75 times/day compared to 0.88 times/day and 1.74 times/day, respectively, among those neither prescribed nor following a diet (both p<0.0001). Following a diet despite not being prescribed a diet was not associated with glycemic control, blood pressure, or body mass index, but was associated with a -8.54 mg/dL (95% confidence interval: -15.5, -1.58) lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol compared to not following and not being prescribed a diet after adjustment for confounders. CONCLUSION: Though participants who were prescribed diabetic diets and followed them exhibited healthier dietary choices, the majority of participants with diabetes in urban South Asia was neither prescribed nor followed such diets. Moreover, there was no statistically significant clinical benefit, thus indicating that current dietary modifications may not be large enough or consistent enough to produce meaningful changes in health outcomes in this population.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Diet; south asians
Divisions:Department of Epidemiology
Department of Diabetology
ID Code:1110
Deposited By:surendar radha
Deposited On:17 Dec 2018 14:41
Last Modified:17 Dec 2018 14:47

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