Lipid Profile in Childhood-and Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes and their Association with Microvascular Complications

Amutha, A and Pradeepa, R and Chella, S and Anjana, R M and Unnikrishnan, R and Mohan, V (2017) Lipid Profile in Childhood-and Youth-Onset Type 2 Diabetes and their Association with Microvascular Complications. Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 65 (6). p. 42.



AIM: To assess the lipid profiles in childhood and youth onset type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and study their association with microvascular complications. METHODS: Clinical details of individuals with childhood and youth onset T2DM, age at diagnosis between 10 and 25 yrs (n=1340) were retrieved from electronic medical records. Lipid abnormalities were classified based on the NCEP (ATP III) guidelines and management of dyslipidemia in children and adolescents with diabetes. Retinopathy was assessed by retinal photography; nephropathy, if albumin excretion was ≥300 mg/g of creatinine or if the 24 hour protein excretion was >500 mg and neuropathy by elevated vibration perception threshold (≥20 V) on biothesiometry. RESULTS: Out of 1,340 individuals with childhood and youth with T2DM, 53.3% of them were male. The mean age and duration of diabetes were 28.4 ± 10.4 and 7.4 ± 9.5 years respectively. Overall, the prevalence of dyslipidemia was 82.1%. Prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL-C and high LDL-C were 40.7%, 52.8%, 59.1 % and 64.5% respectively. In logistic regression, both in unadjusted and adjusted model, hypercholesterolemia, and hypertriglyceridemia were associated with diabetic retinopathy [OR:1.8, CI:1.4-2.4, p<0.001 and 1.7, 1.3-2.2, p<0.001] and nephropathy [OR:1.7, CI:1.1-2.5, p=0.015 and 1.8, 1.2-2.8, p=0.007]. Additionally, hypercholesterolemia was associated with neuropathy, even after adjusting for age at diagnosis of diabetes and glycated hemoglobin [OR1.6, 1.0-2.5, p=0.041]. CONCLUSIONS: Lipid abnormalities are common and associated with microvascular complications among these T2DM individuals. This underscores the need for effective control of lipids among childhood and youth onset T2DM.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Lipid, Type 2 Diabetes, Microvascular
Subjects:Diabetes Clinical Trials > Lipid Lowering Drugs
Diabetology > Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
Divisions:Department of Epidemiology
Department of Diabetology
ID Code:1044
Deposited By:surendar radha
Deposited On:06 Sep 2017 10:06
Last Modified:06 Sep 2017 10:06

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