Knowledge about gestational diabetes mellitus amongst pregnant women in South Tamil Nadu

Bhavadharini, B and Deepa, M and Nallaperumal, S and Anjana, R M and Mohan, V (2017) Knowledge about gestational diabetes mellitus amongst pregnant women in South Tamil Nadu. Journal of Diabetology, 8 (1). p. 22. ISSN 2078-7685



Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the knowledge of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), including risk factors, importance of screening and post‑partum follow‑up, amongst pregnant women attending antenatal care in maternity clinics in South India. Methodology: The study participants were recruited from two antenatal clinics in Chennai and a few primary healthcare centres in South India. A detailed questionnaire was used to obtain basic data regarding general awareness and knowledge about GDM and other issues related to screening, risk factors, monitoring, long‑term consequences and post‑partum follow‑up. Education status was graded as illiterate, primary education, secondary education and graduates. A composite score for knowledge of GDM was calculated. Results: A total of 100 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics were interviewed, of whom 59 were from urban Chennai and the rest from Kanchipuram district. Regarding risk factors of GDM, 48.8% of rural women were unaware of any risk factor while 55.9% of urban women reported a family history of diabetes as a risk factor. 49.2% of urban women and 75.6% of rural women did not know the long‑term consequences of GDM to babies born to GDM women. 50.8% (urban women) said GDM could lead to type 2 diabetes mellitus in future while only 45% of rural women were aware of this. Mean composite score increased with higher education with graduates in both urban and rural areas, scoring the highest. Conclusion: Knowledge about GDM is poor amongst pregnant women, especially in rural areas. This highlights the need for training physicians, paramedical people and the public regarding GDM.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:
Uncontrolled Keywords:Asian Indians, gestational diabetes mellitus, health literacy, knowledge, South Asians
Subjects:Diabetology > Gestational Diabetes
Divisions:Department of Epidemiology
Department of Diabetology
ID Code:1034
Deposited By:surendar radha
Deposited On:17 Jun 2017 15:36
Last Modified:17 Jun 2017 15:36

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