A cross‐sectional study of stool form (using Bristol stool chart) in an urban South Indian population

Srinivas, M and Srinivasan, V and Jain, M and Rani Shanthi, CS and Mohan, V and Jayanthi, V (2019) A cross‐sectional study of stool form (using Bristol stool chart) in an urban South Indian population. JGH Open, 3 (6). p. 464. ISSN 2397-9070



BACKGROUND: There is paucity of data on Bristol stool form (BSF) in healthy South Indian residents. AIM: To determine the BSF types and associated factors in an urban bowel health noncomplainant population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, performed using a self-administered questionnaire among adult Chennai residents, compared BSF types by gender for various factors (age, occupation, bowel frequency, and defecation-related abdominal pain). BSF types 1/2 and 6/7 were grouped as hard and loose stools, respectively. The statistical tests used were proportion test, χ 2, and Kruskal-Wallis tests (P < 0.05 deemed significant). RESULTS: The study cohort of 1402 subjects included 748 (53.3%) men and a third each of professionals, semiprofessionals, and "non-office goers" (homemakers, retirees, students, and unemployed). A total of 97% had daily bowel movement, and 8.5% reported defecation associated abdominal pain. The BSF types in decreasing prevalence were: Type 3 (35.6%), Type 4 (32.5%), Types 1 or 2 (20.5%), Type 5 (6.9%), and Types 6 or 7 (4.5%). On gender comparison, significantly more men passed hard (P = 0.03) or loose stools (P = 0.001), while more women passed Type 3 (P = 0.0002). Loose stools in men were associated with abdominal pain (P = 0.0035). Women passing hard or loose stool types were slightly older (median age in 30s vs. 20s in Types 3-5) and had reduced stool frequency (P = 0.026: hard; P = 0.006: loose). CONCLUSIONS: This South Indian noncomplainant cohort's most common stool types were BSF Types 3 and 4, with few gender variations in extreme stool types.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jgh3.12189
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bristol stool form, healthy, South India, urban
Subjects:Diabetes Epidemiology
Divisions:Department of Epidemiology
Department of Diabetology
ID Code:1155
Deposited By:surendar radha
Deposited On:31 Jan 2020 14:51
Last Modified:31 Jan 2020 14:51

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