Picroside II attenuates fatty acid accumulation in HepG2 cells via modulation of fatty acid uptake and synthesis

Dhami-Shah, H and Vaidya, R and Udipi, S and Raghavan, S and Abhijit, S and Mohan, V and Balasubramanyam, M and Vaidya, A (2018) Picroside II attenuates fatty acid accumulation in HepG2 cells via modulation of fatty acid uptake and synthesis. Clinical and Molecular Hepatology, 24 (1). p. 77. ISSN 2287-2728



Background/Aims Hepatic steatosis is caused by an imbalance between free fatty acids (FFAs) uptake, utilization, storage, and disposal. Understanding the molecular mechanisms involved in FFAs accumulation and its modulation could drive the development of potential therapies for Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The aim of the current study was to explore the effects of picroside II, a phytoactive found in Picrorhiza kurroa, on fatty acid accumulation vis-à-vis silibinin, a known hepatoprotective phytoactive from Silybum marianum. METHODS: HepG2 cells were loaded with FFAs (oleic acid:palmitic acid/2:1) for 20 hours to mimic hepatic steatosis. The FFAs concentration achieving maximum fat accumulation and minimal cytotoxicity (500 μM) was standardized. HepG2 cells were exposed to the standardized FFAs concentration with and without picroside II pretreatment. RESULTS: Picroside II pretreatment inhibited FFAs-induced lipid accumulation by attenuating the expression of fatty acid transport protein 5, sterol regulatory element binding protein 1 and stearoyl CoA desaturase. Preatreatment with picroside II was also found to decrease the expression of forkhead box protein O1 and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that picroside II effectively attenuated fatty acid accumulation by decreasing FFAs uptake and lipogenesis. Picroside II also decreased the expression of gluconeogenic genes.

Item Type:Article
Official URL/DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.3350/cmh.2017.0039
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease; Picrorhiza kurroa; Picroside II; Reverse pharmacology; Silibinin
Subjects:Biochemistry,Cell and Molecular Signalling
Divisions:Department of Cell and Molecular Biology
ID Code:1082
Deposited By:surendar radha
Deposited On:29 Mar 2018 10:52
Last Modified:29 Mar 2018 10:52

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